Accommodations & Modifications Factsheet
Reprinted with permission from the PEAK Parent Center
PEAK Parent Center
Alliance Center of Expertise on Inclusion
Accommodationsand modifications are types of adaptations that are made to the environment,curriculum, instruction, or assessment practices in order for students withdisabilities to be successful learners and to participate actively with otherstudents in the general education classroom and in school-wide activities.
Accommodations are changes in how a student accesses information and demonstrates learning. Accommodations do not substantially change the instructional level, content, or performance criteria. The changes are made in order to provide a student with equal access to learning and equal opportunity to show what he or she knows and can do. Accommodations can include changes in the following:
Modifications are changes in what a student is expected to learn. The changes are made to provide a student opportunities to participate meaningfully and productively along with other students in classroom and school learning experiences. Modifications include changes in the following:
The following are some examples of accommodations and modifications that can be provided in the general education classroom. Note: This is not a complete list. The IEP team determines accommodations and modifications that meet the unique and individual needs of the student.
Deciding which accommodations and/or modifications to use is an individualized process that depends on the assignment and the needs of the individual student. When the appropriate adaptations are made, the student can have true access to the general education curriculum.
For More Information
The following books published by Peak Parent Center contain practical information and tools for determining and using accommodations and modifications to support student success:
Also, check out PEAK Parent Center's website at www.peakparent.org
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